WRDS Social Impact Products
For environmental, social, and governance (ESG) ratings, various agencies construct their scores through compiling and analyzing multiple sources, including firm disclosures, reports from third parties (such as NGOs), articles from the media, and their in-house research conducted through interviews and questionnaires with company employees or executives. For most data vendors, ESG ratings include an overall ESG score and scores for each of the three subcomponents (E, S, and G).
Wharton Research Data Service has a long history of hosting ESG research for the academic community. Currently, WRDS selects a set of popular ESG databases for researchers interested in conducting Big Data analysis across a comprehensive collection of databases. The databases on the growing list include KLD (now called MSCI ESG STATS, with 3,000+ US companies), Thomson Reuters ASSET4 ESG (now Refinitiv ESG, with 7,000+ global companies), Sustainalytics Company Ratings (with 11,000+ global companies), Dow Jones Sustainability Index (RobecoSAM), S&P ESG Trucost (including data from Carbon Disclosure Project), and RepRisk (Incident-Based Reputational Index), etc.
To improve public health and the environment, the EPA collects information about facilities or sites subject to environmental regulation.
For over 25 years, the RobecoSAM name has been synonymous with sustainable investing (SI). As one of the original ESG natives, RobecoSAM is known for its pioneering and focused work on SI. Today, RobecoSAM is the name Robeco uses to designate selected SI intelligence and SI research, as well as its impact funds.